Sauble Beach, one of the most popular summer resorts or beach holidays in Ontario lies on the Lake Huron shoreline, a short distance west from Owen Sound. In the 1950s, promoters called Sauble Beach the “Daytona Beach of Canada”. However, this popular tourist destination owes its beginnings, not to its miles of sandy beach which is perfect to rent a cottage for beach holidays, but its location at the end of a much-used pioneer travel route.
Long before the first settlers arrived, native travelers looking for a shorter and safer route between Lake Huron and Georgian Bay, would cross the peninsula near its base. They would enter near the site of the present-day location of the town of Wiarton and after portaging, would paddle their canoes across the lakes and rivers that almost connect both shores. The route became known as the Rankin Portage and it is suspected that early French explorers used this route to visit the various native communities, which existed in the area and avoid the often-treacherous waters around the tip of the peninsula.
The last portage on the route was around a waterfall near the Lake Huron coast. The French explorers named the river, “La Riviere au Sable”, which translates to “the river to the sand”. This name continued until 1881 when a mapmaker, perhaps inadvertently, marked the river with the name “Sauble.”
The first non-natives to spend the summer in the Sauble Beach area were probably fishermen who set up camps to process their catches. However, the 1880s marked the beginning of more permanent commercial enterprises in the area. At that time, one of the first sawmills on the peninsula was built at Sauble Falls. Soon after, a boarding house and general store were built nearby. It is likely that both enterprises existed to accommodate the needs of not only the lumbermen, but the commercial fishing fleets as well.
The 1880s also marked the beginning of the era of tourism in this part of the province of Ontario. It was not long before tourists seeking a break from the hot weather of summer in the cities discovered the cool breezes, sandy beaches and refreshing water of the Sauble Beach area. Many of these early visitors pitched huge tents, large enough to shelter whole families, while others built rough-hewn shelters to enjoy beach holidays.
The arrival of the Grand Trunk Railway to Hepworth, and then Wiarton, facilitated easier travel to Sauble. The trip was an adventure. The tourists left the train in Hepworth, and after lunching at John Downs’ Royal Hotel; they boarded horse-drawn wagons, called democrats, and made their way along rough trails to the sandy shores of Lake Huron.
Soon families from southern Ontario, particularly the London area, were flocking to the beach. The original rough-hewn cottages and tents gave way to more permanent structures. At first, most of the tourism activity was located around the mouth of the river. However, the introduction of the automobile as a means of transportation led to further development as more tourists discovered this summer paradise. Consequently, it was not long before cottages and tents were located along most of the length of the beach.
In 1925 a London surveyor, by the name of Archibald, purchased the western parts of farms owned by J.K. Davidson, John Walker and Sam Bannister. The land was surveyed into lots and put up for sale. In 1926 the first cottage on this development was erected.
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Sauble Beach continued to grow and rival other Ontario tourist Meccas such as Wasaga Beach and Muskoka. Today, Sauble Beach is a booming centre for tourism, known throughout Ontario and the northeastern United States for its great sandy beaches, clean fresh water and cool breezes. The same features which attracted the first tourists to the area more than a century ago.
Getting to the Bruce Peninsula is a relatively easy driving trip. Here are driving directions from three regions to the peninsula.
Barrow Bay Ontario a Picturesque Georgian Bay Community owes its origin to the once-thriving Bruce Peninsula lumbering industry. Today it is a quiet summer get-away!
Bruce Peninsula Lumber History details the impact of the forest products industry on the development of the region.
Bruce Peninsula Lumbering provided the stimulus to develop and grow the pioneer economy on the newly settled Bruce Peninsula.
Bruce Peninsula Municipal Politics: No matter what the venue, or the issue, seldom is a popular decision made that suits everyone.
Bruce Peninsula Travel Routes were often a matter of debate because in the early years, land travel was virtually unattainable for settlers and lumbermen alike.
Aboriginal History: Bruce Peninsula has a long indigenous heritage not just for the native nation living there today, but for other native groups as well.
Aboriginal History: the 1836 Treaty made promises to the native peoples of the Bruce Peninsula which did not last long before everything changed again.
Aboriginal land history continues the story of aboriginal land issues on the Bruce Peninsula. How it happened is a point for discussion by everyone.
Settler Impact on Bruce Peninsula Natives was not only from the imposition of treaties, but also from British military plans.
"Half Mile-Strip" Treaty made it possible for a relatively smooth overland connection to be built between Owen Sound and the Lake Huron shoreline.
Catherine Sutton: aka Nahneebahweequay was a hero, fighting for her Indigenous rights and those of her family.
Allenford United Church history details not only some important information about that community's church, but also about one of the founders of this Ontario community.
Colpoys Bay Vista - Awesome! A short drive from either Wiarton or Owen Sound is one of the most magnificent views to be found in the province of Ontario!
Dyer's Bay Ontario: Began as a Lumbering Settlement and today it is a wonderful vacation retreat.
Elsinore Ontario is the southern-most point on the Bruce Peninsula, located about half-way between Owen Sound and the Lake Huron shoreline.
Forest Products on the Bruce Peninsula contributed greatly to the growth and development of that region of the province of Ontario.
Gillies Lake: aka Ghost Lake has a mysterious past as its original name, Ghost Lake, implies.
Great Grey Owls on the Bruce Peninsula was a surprise discovery for ornithologists and others. Sadly, the story of their visit had an unfortunate conclusion.
Pioneer Campers: Hope Bay mostly considered the peninsula untamed wilderness and some of the locals were not about to disappoint them!
A Pioneer Community: Driftwood Crossing, at the southern-most part of the Saugeen/Bruce Peninsula was at the midpoint between the Georgian Bay and Lake Huron coasts.
Pioneer Missionary James Atkey arrived on Colpoys Bay to minister to the native community near Oxenden until a treaty uprooted his parishioners.
Pioneer tourists first visited the Bruce Peninsula in the 1800s and the region continues as a great recreational and tourism destination today!
Pioneer Vacations on the Bruce Peninsula got an eerie start in the Hope Bay region of the peninsula.
Lighthouses Lighthouses were vital to Georgian Bay Sailing.
Sauble Beach Ontario has seen it all. A fishing outport; a sawmilling centre; and an internationally acclaimed tourist resort area!
Sauble Beach This popular beach is known as Canada's Daytona Beach.
Lion's Head Sailors often sought refuge from the stormy Georgian Bay waters in its well-protected harbour.
Park Head Grand Trunk Railway in Park Head Ontario was an important railway depot on the Bruce Peninsula when in 1894 the first train chugged through Park Head.
Stokes Bay Welcomed fishermen as their first non-native visitors. Today, if you are a fisherman, you will also probably want to try your luck landing a walleye, lake trout or any of the other game fish that live in the coastal waters of Lake Huron.
Tobermory Ontario has a rich history and, is the northern- most destination point for travellers visiting the world famous Bruce Peninsula.
Tobermory Ontario Tourism is focused on shipwreck diving which has become so popular that tourism has become an important part of that community's economy.
Tobermory pioneers experienced a life in a community that was anything but the tourism hive of activity that it is today.
A Flowerpot Island cruise is not only entertaining, but it is also very educational as you will see things that you have never viewed before!
Wiarton Ontario This historic community was a great place to live in the early settlement days and still is a busy tourist stop on your way up the Bruce Peninsula.
Wiarton had ambitions to Succeed but while success brought them a railroad and other ventures did not have a sweet ending for many in the town.
Wiarton Ontario’s First Newspaper A catalyst in supporting road construction and bringing the railway to Wiarton in hopes of making the town the economic leader of the area. But disappointment looms...
Wiarton news: 1890s, as seen in the pages of the local newspaper revealed problems typical of today's communities
Wiarton Beet Industry was to be a great boost to the town's economy. Instead, it left most people with a bad taste in their mouths.
Travel the Bruce: Owen Sound to Wiarton A wonderful journey from Owen Sound to Wiarton.
Travel the Bruce: Wiarton to Tobermory Relaxing and historic journey.
Bruce Peninsula The Bruce Peninsula is a compelling place, with a rich history, to visit. Once you have traveled there, we guarantee that you will return, again and again!