Pioneer Missionary
James Atkey 

Pioneer Missionary James Atkey arrived on Colpoys Bay to minister to the native community near Oxenden until a treaty uprooted his parishioners.

The early history of the Grey and Bruce region is rich with the interesting personalities who came to this area to start a new life. The reasons why these individuals came to our region are as diverse as their exploits after they arrived in Grey and Bruce. 

In 1852 pioneer missionary, James Atkey, his wife, and their seven children, the youngest of whom was barely one and half years old, sailed from the Isle of Wight in quest of a new life in the Canadian colony. 

They arrived in Montreal and after spending the winter there, the family headed for the shores of Georgian Bay. 

James Atkey had decided that he would dedicate his life to spreading the gospel in the hinterland wilderness of the Canadian colony. When he and his family arrived in Owen Sound, they received orders to proceed to the native reserve located on Colpoy’s Bay near the present site of the village of Oxenden. 

The life of a pioneer missionary would be a new experience for James Atkey and his family. On the Isle of Wight James had been a been a leather and saddlery merchant. His wife and children had known a life of relative ease. Their home and clothes were of a style of those of the upper classes of the area. Servants maintained their home and cared for their needs. 

When Atkey's business failed, he and his wife decided to make a radical change in their lifestyle and become missionaries to the natives in Canada. Little did they realize how dramatic a change they would be making! 

To reach the native reserve which they would be calling home they boarded a small boat and sailed the treacherous waters of Georgian Bay. But the danger of that voyage paled to what they faced when they arrived at the native community! 

Apparently, according to Atkey’s recollections, the medicine man held influence in terms of "religious, medical and educational matters". A Sun Times article written in 1952 reported that "to cross him might mean death to the interlopers. After arriving at their destination, the fate of the family was in the hands of a tribal council. 

After six hours deliberation and discussion, the natives decided to let them stay on the settlement and 'preach and teach". 

Although the Atkey family could now live and work with the natives, there were still greater obstacles to overcome. They could not speak the natives' language and the natives could not speak or understand the English language. Therefore, communications were carried out using hand signals, body language and facial expressions. 

For his efforts as a pioneer missionary, James Atkey received $60 per year as salary. To augment the family income James was forced to leave his family for extended periods and work with survey crews marking roads and settlement lots. 

When the natives were moved to other reserves the Atkey family remained on a farm near the former reserve. Atkey was a witness to the signing a treaty between the natives and the colonial government. 

Many of James Atkey's children remained in Grey County and established lives for themselves and their descendants. Others moved to western Canada. 

The story of pioneer missionary James Atkey and his family is another example of the fortitude and ingenuity of the settlers who came to build a life in Grey and Bruce counties. 

The information used in this article came from files held in the Grey County Archives.

A version of this article originally appeared in my Local History column in the Owen Sound Sun Times on March 23, 2001.

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Aboriginal History: the 1836 Treaty made promises to the native peoples of the Bruce Peninsula which did not last long before everything changed again.

Aboriginal land history continues the story of aboriginal land issues on the Bruce Peninsula. How it happened is a point for discussion by everyone.

Settler Impact on Bruce Peninsula Natives was not only from the imposition of treaties, but also from British military plans.

"Half Mile-Strip" Treaty made it possible for a relatively smooth overland connection to be built between Owen Sound and the Lake Huron shoreline.

Catherine Sutton: aka Nahneebahweequay was a hero, fighting for her Indigenous rights and those of her family.

Allenford United Church history details not only some important information about that community's church, but also about one of the founders of this Ontario community.

Colpoys Bay Vista - Awesome! A short drive from either Wiarton or Owen Sound is one of the most magnificent views to be found in the province of Ontario!

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Pioneer Missionary James Atkey arrived on Colpoys Bay to minister to the native community near Oxenden until a treaty uprooted his parishioners.

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Bruce Peninsula  The Bruce Peninsula is a compelling place, with a rich history, to visit. Once you have traveled there, we guarantee that you will return, again and again!

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