The History of the
Owen Sound Hospital

Owen Sound Hospital History is one of a community coming together to take care of the medical needs of the entire community.

Last weekend, I read David Gagan's book, A Necessity Among Us. This history of the Owen Sound General and Marine Hospital provides wonderful insight into the reason why Owen Sound's hospital was created and the problems that they faced in their early days. The opening of the General and Marine on June 21, 1893 was truly the result of a community working together for a common cause. 

In the autumn of 1885, Owen Sound suffered from a particularly severe typhoid epidemic. Like the other dreaded diseases of that era, diphtheria, smallpox and scarlatina, the medical solution for an outbreak was the same — isolation. In 1885, the situation was such that a vacant house was rented for use as an isolation hospital. 

By 1889, the town's medical community decided that a more permanent institution was needed. The proposed facility would be more than an isolation hospital, but rather a multi-faceted medical facility. The reason for this approach was because the face of society was changing. It was no longer convenient or feasible to continue home care medical attention in this constantly growing industrial community. 

The proposal by the medical community to town council attracted the attention of the business community. Among those who joined the committee to create a permanent hospital was S.J. Parker, who had been instrumental in bringing lights to the streets of the town and providing a water works system to the community. 

Along with Parker on the committee, other members included hardware merchant Frederick d'Orr Le Pan, financier William Roy, sawmill owner John Harrison and financier and barrister J.M. Kilbourn. Stirred by a sense of community need, these businessmen joined forces with the medical community and other philanthropic groups to lobby for political support and to raise private funds to ensure that the hospital would become a reality. 

The hospital would be more to the community than an isolation ward in times of epidemic. It would provide emergency medical care for travellers and respond to the growing number of railway and industrial accidents as well as sailing disasters. 

The General and Marine would have two types of clientele. Those unable to pay for the services of the limited number of private duty nurses who practiced in Owen Sound would be able to apply to the mayor for approval for free hospital care in a public ward setting. Private rooms were available for patients who could afford to pay hospital rates. 

While concern for the less fortunate sector of society's need for medical health was of paramount importance, there was a distinct difference in attitude towards the two types of patients admitted to the hospital. 

Paying patients did not usually have to adhere to the rules which were applied to those who did not pay for their stay in hospital. They could have visitors at almost any time and could entertain overnight guests in their private rooms. Meanwhile, the patients of the charity wards were subjected to a strict code of rules. They were only allowed visitors on Tuesdays, Fridays and Sundays. However, members of the clergy could visit them at any time. Further to the double standard; "ambulatory indigent patients were expected to work, for example, cleaning the wards." 

Despite the philanthropic efforts of the community to maintain the hospital, the early years of the' General and Marine were marked by times of economic hardship. During particularly difficult times, nurses were sent to give private duty care in more affluent homes and the fees that they earned went to the hospital. 

Despite the philanthropic efforts of the community to maintain the hospital, the early years of the' General and Marine were marked by times of economic hardship. During particularly difficult times, nurses were sent to give private duty care in more affluent homes and the fees that they earned went to the hospital. 

In order to increase the number of nurses available to the hospital, the board of trustees in 1900 decided to open a nursing school. This action effectively increased the hospital's labour force without a corresponding increase in salary expense. 

Despite the problems incurred in the early days, or perhaps because of them, the Owen Sound General and Marine Hospital became a vital link in the development of the city of Owen Sound. Today, we enjoy unparalleled medical care at this fine institution due to the efforts of men and women of Owen Sound's medical and business community from the 1880s onward.

A version of this article originally appeared in my Local History column in the Owen Sound Sun Times on April 6, 1996.

More Great Information Pages
About Owen Sound

Charles Rankin, I Presume: October 7, 1840 marked the meeting of Land Agent John Telfer and surveyor Charles Rankin on the banks of the Sydenham River and the founding of Owen Sound.

Black History: Emancipation Day celebrates the abolition of slavery and it continues to be an annual celebration in many locations that were in some way, or another touched by the impact of slavery.

Black History in Owen Sound: Who was the First Black Citizen in the community is a cause for debate.

Black History: The Underground Railway is an important part not only in terms of black history, but of the history of southwestern Ontario.

Black History of Owen Sound: Version 2: There is some debate about the first black citizen in  the Owen Sound area. Here is more information for your consideration.

A Curvy Route to Toronto provided a rail connection between Owen Sound and Toronto, the curvy part was thrilling, but beautiful for the passengers and strenuous for the crew.

Billy Bishop: Owen Sound Hero earned national and international fame as a World War One Fighter pilot and used his high profile to aid in the World War Two effort.

John Muir, the legendary naturalist, who promoted the idea of protected nature spaces, spent time in Ontario and I went to help find evidence of his stay in the Owen Sound area.

Black Clawson Kennedy: An Iconic Owen Sound Industry provided income for area residents and economic development for the community for almost 150 years.

Amalgamation In and Around Owen Sound is not an unusual happening. Some form of boundary changes have occurred at many different times over the years.

Canada' First Pharmacy Chain Store: The Owen Sound-based drug store chain of Parker and Cattle is credited with being the first pharmacy chain store enterprise in Canada.

DC Taylor: Owen Sound Entrepreneur was not only progressive businessman, he was also an important contributor to the social and cultural fabric of his community.

Owen Sound Businesses: 1920s were owned and operated by families whose deep roots in the community and their efforts had created the backbone of the community and brought success to the port city.

Owen Sound: Dry Gulch Canada Learn the reason why Owen Sound was the last city in the grasp of the temperance movement.

First Cars in Owen Sound could be purchased for less than $500.00!

The harbour history of Owen Sound is rich with detail of businesses which were located at various wharves.

Hillcrest School Memories a look back at my public school days when Owen Sound's Hillcrest Public School celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1998.

News of War: The 1940s was supposed to provide the world with a respite after the hardship of the 1930s depression. However World War Two brought more adversity.

Owen Sound 1840 Onward! From a clearing in the Georgian Bay wilderness to a booming port city the 1800s were a time of growth and prosperity.

Owen Sound's First Newspaper: The Comet came into existence a mere 10 years after the first settlers braved the wilderness that would become the Grey and Bruce region.

Owen Sound's First Town Council was created to develop the necessary infrastructure for a pioneer community to grow and prosper.

Owen Sound Tavern Bylaw (1857) tried to tackle the issue of monitoring taverns in the Upper Canadian pioneer wilderness.

Owen Sound's 1857 Bylaw: Dog Control illustrated how a pioneer town controlled dogs in the community, sometimes even using harsh measures.

Owen Sound CPR Strike in 1908 immobilized harbour activities in that important Georgian Bay port, the CPR's eastern Great Lakes terminus.

Owen Sound CPR Link began with a bang, suffered a setback, and ended with a whimper.

Owen Sound Entrepreneurs: S.J. Parker & Richard Notter used their wealth and their friendships to built many community-oriented businesses in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Owen Sound 1920 Stories provide an interesting look at the community as it was about to become a city.

Owen Sound 1920s: Optimism abounded in the port city as a new decade began, The town was becoming a city and the economic outlook seemed bright.

Owen Sound Hospital History is one of a community coming together to take care of the medical needs of the entire community.

Owen Sound Softball and Baseball has a Long Tradition From the 1980s Clippers and the Wawanekas to the 1990s Selects, Owen Sound has a been well-represented in these sports.

Owen Sound Stories: On the Attack! Throughout the history of the community, citizens were not afraid to go on the attack to promote the needs of their town.

Owen Sound Street Names honour the individuals who made a contribution to Owen Sound's development. Today the streets are numbered to help visitors find their way.

O.S.C.V.I.: the History of an Owen Sound High School details from the very beginning the establishment of a high school in the community.

Pioneer Story of a Child in 1846 Owen Sound details life in the last wilderness in Upper Canada in the 1840s.

Pioneer Story of a Child in 1846 (Part 2) continues the memories of Elizabeth Byth as she encountered life in the Upper Canada wilderness that became Owen Sound.

Pioneer Theatre was a big hit in Owen Sound and across southern Ontario, where Vaudevillians like Perth Ontario's Marx Brothers played to full houses.

U.S. President Taft Visited Owen Sound Ontario, a Georgian Bay port in a momentous winter of events in 1920 as Owen Sound celebrated its incorporation as a ci

Some Interesting 20th Century Events in Owen Sound: One, in particular featured a mayor acting to avert a major labour-related confrontation.

The 1940's: An Eventful Decade in Owen Sound and Grey County: A war; a surprising political event; sports celebrations and much more.

Wawanekas: Fastball pioneers who were a legendary women's fastball team from Owen Sound who dominated their sport for a decade or more.

Political Corruption in 1852 Owen Sound? Does it seem possible that this could happen in a pioneer community on the Georgian Bay shores? Read on, and decide.

Emily Pankhurst Visits Owen Sound. The well-known suffragette visited Owen Sound and spoke not only about suffrage, but the bolshevik threat. 

Owen Sound Church History: First United Church was in fact the very first church in the Owen Sound community. It was preceded only Rev Neelands a circuit rider.

Lacrosse History in Owen Sound begins in the late nineteenth century and records the numerous championships that have been captured by Owen Sound teams.

Pioneer Ingenuity: Building Lime Kilns was essential for pioneers as without lime they could not build their brick homes.

Boosterism in 1890s Owen Sound targeted promoting economic development in Owen Sound. The port city showcased what it had to offer investors and visitors alike.

A pioneer home was very utilitarian. It served the pioneer family's essential needs, while the work of clearing the land and planting crops took priority.

Pioneer justice might be described as ruthless. But the question remains, did they always get the right man?

CPR Grain Elevator Fire in 1911 in Owen Sound harbour would have a profound impact on that Georgian Bay community.

Reverend Ryerson Visits Owen Sound and despite a great reception from the citizens of the community, he posts a negative newspaper story of the community.

The Leith Golf Course has provided many families with great memories. The history of this golf course starts, and ends, with the generosity of one family

Fenians: A Threat: The threat of an attack by Fenians was very real in Upper Canada in the 1860s and this was especially true in port communities like Owen Sound.

Inglis Falls is not only a beautiful place to enjoy nature, it is also the home of one of Owen Sound's first industries.

An Owen Sound pioneer, A.M. Stephens  provided us with a story about his early years helping to carve out a community in this part of Georgian Bay.

Pioneer industry: William Kennedy William Kennedy's efforts to build an important foundry and machine shop on the banks of Owen Sound's harbour.

Pioneer Resort: King's Royal Park From 1840 meeting to opulent pioneer resort, the citizens of Owen Sound have always worked hard to promote the economic growth and development of their community, and their part of the Georgian Bay shoreline.

Sailing stories: Owen Sound Shipbuilding from the earliest time of settlement busy shipyards dotted the Owen Sound bay where shipbuilding took place, sometimes at a feverish pace.

Spanish Flu Impacted Owen Sound, Ontario causing illness and death throughout the region. But it also illustrated the strength of the community spirit in the area.

Golf Course Review: Stone Tree Golfing at the Stone Tree Golf Club, a golfer can also enjoy sighting American Goldfinches, Purple Martins and the majestic Blue Heron while they pursue their quest to improve their golf game!

Owen Sound Ontario: A Unique Perspective: Book provides a unique and humorous perspective about this Georgian Bay port and hockey hotbed.

Water Quality in Owen Sound has been an issue since the 1840s, two Owen Sound entrepreneurs in the 1870s attempted to rectify the situation.

Owen Sound, located on beautiful Georgian Bay offers a wide variety of entertainment and shopping delights for visitors of all ages. The city and its surrounding area has a rich history, parks and other natural areas for bird watchers, hikers, cross country skiers, etc.


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