Paris Ontario: Who Knew this community had such a unique origin and how the local citizens used that history to protect the environment of their region.
This is a story about how history can be used to challenge modern issues. Although this column has traditionally been dedicated to historical information about the Grey and Bruce region, today I am going to take you on a voyage to Paris. But before you jump for your passport and your French-English dictionary, get your car keys because we are going to Paris, Ontario.
Why is a local historian in Owen Sound writing about Paris, Ont. you may ask? The reason is quite simple: Plaster of Paris!
In the early 1990s, a gravel company was going to start operations on a farm near the Grand River, just south of Paris. A number of concerned citizens questioned the environmental and historical impact of such a venture. A committee was formed to examine both the environmental and historical implications of the creation of a gravel pit. A presentation to the Ontario Municipal Board resulted in some success for the group. Although the gravel company was allowed to operate, a 200-metre buffer zone between the pit and the shores of the Grand River was ordered.
Buoyed by this significant success, the citizens group became the Grand River Heritage Mines Society in August 1993. The mandate of the group was to locate, record and preserve artifacts concerning the history and heritage of the gypsum mining industry in the Grand River Watershed.
Paris Ontario came into being because of the presence of large quantities of gypsum in the area. The first gypsum was discovered in the area by surveyor Augustus Jones in 1793. In 1822, William Holme started what was probably the first gypsum mine in Ontario at that site. A year later, Holme added a gypsum mill, but shortly thereafter sold his 400-hectare (1,000-acre) estate and all his mining ventures to Hiram Capron.
Capron, using the estate as a base, laid out the plots for the town of Paris, Ontario.
Acknowledging the impact of gypsum in the creation of the town, the original settlers were influenced by the fact that Paris, France also had major gypsum mines. Recognizing this and perhaps hoping for growth and prosperity similar to that major European metropolitan centre, they named their settlement Paris.
Under Capron's ownership, the mine expanded not only to meet the traditional needs for gypsum products throughout the province of Ontario, but also to farmers who used the chopped-up gypsum as fertilizer, or, as it was known, "land plaster."
As more deposits were discovered in the area and market demand increased, other mines and quarries were created. The original Paris Plaster had 15 tunnels and continued in operation until 1905 under the ownership of the Alasbastine Company of Paris. Today only two or three gypsum mining operations in the area continue to function.
The Grand River Heritage Mines Society is a wonderful example of a group of citizens who used the history of their region to confront a modern problem. From their original activism has grown a vibrant group committed to the further exploration of the past and an appreciation for the efforts of the pioneers who created the economic base from which the town of Paris, Ontario grew.
Interestingly, this group has an indirect Owen Sound connection. One of-the group's founders, Jean Farquharson, taught at the OSCVI in the 1950s and was a high school student of West Hill's first principal, Gordon Bailey, when he taught English in Woodstock, Ontario.
12-year-old Walks to Owen Sound in 1851 from the journal of a teenage boy's experience travelling with his brother in the untamed Upper Canadian wilderness.
1st Grey County Building in 1852 was only built after many hurdles were overcame.
Land Auction in Amabel Township provided the opportunity for settlers to purchase land and begin a new life in Bruce County in the 1850s.
Georgian Bay's 1st pioneer settler arrived on the western shoreline long before any other settler reached the area.
An Unlikely Hero From Grey County (Part 1) found his way from the farming community of Flesherton to missionary work in the Ottawa Valley, and beyond.
An Unlikely Hero Vs. The KKK (Part 2) Our hero from Grey County took his missionary zeal south of the border and ultimately crossed paths with the infamous KKK!
Barn Raising: A Pioneer Economic and Social Necessity as it provided settlers with an opportunity not only to build a barn, but also build a community.
"Barring Out": A Pioneer School Tradition was a custom which the settlers brought to the new world from England, or Scotland.
Baseball History in Southwestern Ontario is rich, and surprisingly longer than one might expect, actually setting historical precedents!
British Peerage a Source for Township Names. It is interesting to check the origin of the names bestowed on pioneer places such as towns, townships and counties.
Census Takers in 1891 Canada faced difficult obstacles to gather the necessary information but the results were revealing then, and today.
Ceylon Ontario: How it Got its Name: It is always interesting how a community got its name, but I doubt any place received its name from a more unique source!
Chatsworth Ontario: First Settlers took advantage of fulfilling the needs of pioneer travellers and built a thriving community in the Upper Canadian wilderness.
Chesley Ontario Welcomes the Krug Brothers who were not only successful, but made significant contributions to the social fabric of their adopted home town.
Krug Impact on Chesley Ontario was immense not only in terms of the community's social fabric but with regards to community's economic growth.
Clearing Trees a Daunting Task for Settlers as they worked to fulfill their obligations for their land grant.
Billy Crawford: Pioneering Spirit Personified. If you take the time to consider the people you have met during your life you too may know or have known, someone with pioneering spirit just like Billy Crawford.
Bruce Road 3: A Colonization Road linked prospective settlers to undeveloped Crown Lands and a new life.
Dornoch: or is it Smithville? Originally it was Smithville, then it became Dornoch. But, surprise it is still, in reality Smithville!
First Pioneer in Durham: Archibald Hunter established his family, and a hotel, in what would become the centre of the town of Durham.
Durham Ontario Influenced by the Saugeen River. This river provided a means to create new industries, but especially in the spring it can also pose a menace to the community.
Frozen Rivers & Lakes can be Hazardous: Icy waterways offer many benefits such as ice fishing, but beware weak, or thin ice is not easily detected and can spell disaster.
Grey County Bylaws to the 1890s reveal a lot about the financing of local government, especially education in the early days of the region.
John Muir, the legendary naturalist, who promoted the idea of protected nature spaces, spent time in Ontario and I went to help find evidence of his stay in the Owen Sound area.
The Glorious Twelfth: A Tradition from Across the Pond which served to both unite and divide pioneer communities.
A Heroic Woman From Grey County who made great changes as a doctor in China in the 1890s and early 1900s.
Jesse James: In Grey County? An interesting question. Did the notorious gangster hide out in Proton Township? We will never know. But it is fun to speculate!
Kilsyth's Train Engine was one for the history books. It brought an evening of joy followed by disappointing news soon after.
Kincardine Ontario's First Settlers using a bit of savvy and some luck created a future form themselves and their families on the Lake Huron shoreline.
The Knight's of Meaford have long history in that Grey County community. Their business forged by early settlers employed many locals and supported the economy.
Leith: Tom Thomson's Birthplace is part of the rich heritage of this community located on the east shore of the bay north of Owen Sound.
The Leith Golf Course has provided many families with great memories. The history of this golf course starts, and ends, with the generosity of one family.
Agnes Macphail was a political trailblazer in a part of Ontario that one could hardly expect such radical action for the era in a rural region.
Markdale Ontario: The Beginning: originally known as Glenelg East, but the coming of the railway and the name of owner of the land for the station led to a change of identity.
Maple Syrup: A Pioneer Necessity and a trading commodity for indigenous peoples is now a Sunday morning breakfast treat with pancakes!
Meaford Ontario, first called Peggy's Landing located on the shores of Georgian Bay has a rich history.
Meaford vs Purdytown. Conflict over the name of a new community was not unusual in early Grey County but electing a school trustee was the "hot button" issue in this rivalry.
Mildmay Ontario overcame competition from other communities to claim its spot in Carrick Township on an important settlement route to the Lake Huron shoreline.
Paris Ontario: Who Knew this community had such a unique origin and how the local citizens used that history to protect the environment of their region?
Pioneer Doctor: Dr. James Smith, a local boy who became a doctor and served his community for his entire life was a testament to Grey County community spirit.
Pioneer Healthcare in Grey and Bruce counties was not administered by doctors, nurses, or pharmacists, no it was the responsibility of the women of the community.
Pioneer ingenuity created many labour-saving devices and methods and quite often helped to create a sense of community.
Pioneer Christmas: A Family Tradition as told to me by may grandparents who experienced Christmas as children in the 1880s and 1890s.
Pioneer Settlement in Arran Township was encouraged through the offer of inexpensive land for sale, but the offer of free land was another enticement offered elsewhere.
Pioneer Settlement Plans for Grey County began almost two decades before the rest of Grey County was available for settlement.
Pioneer Diaries Provide Interesting Information about many topics, but sometimes information about the weather can be quite surprising!
Pioneer Teachers in Grey and Bruce Counties had a long and arduous task, not to mentions strict and confining job requirements for very little salary.
Plowing Match in Grey County in 1933 the first International Plowing Match held in Grey and Bruce counties and it's success led to more such events in Grey.
Port Elgin Ontario Started with a Storm. A ship forced to seek refuge from Lake Huron's stormy wrath signalled to one man the idea of starting a new community.
Settling Osprey Township: Parts of Osprey were considered too rugged to settle, but today they are prime real estate because of the great view!
Southampton Ontario Suffered a Major Fire in 1886: The havoc was created by a furious high wind storm that spread the flames over much of the town.
Swamp College: Proton Township: this colourfully named institution of education in Grey County has provided many stories to the heritage of the region.
Sydenham Township's First Council undertook the often difficult task of creating a new municipal infrastructure.
Tara Ontario mill was founded in 1851 by John and James Tobey. In later years, under different ownership, the Tara mill would be the site of important innovations.
"Thank You to a Veteran" - should be something everyone of us should think, and especially say, every day!
The Impact of Snow is not what is Used to be! As snow removal equipment has improved the impact of snow on our lives has reduced significantly from previous eras.
Unique Characters: Nathaniel Herriman lived in Grey County and owned an inn to provide food and and accommodation to early travellers. Each day he performed a unique practice.
Unique Maps: Quilts Guided the Underground Railroad to enable runaway slaves to escape to Canada and freedom from the shackles that enslaved them.
Walkerton Ontario: The Beginning of this Bruce County town is the result of the drive and determination of one man, Joseph Walker.
From Lochnaw to Manitoulin - A Review this book details through a soldier's diary a trip from Penetanguishene to Manitoulin Island in 1839.
History Pages introduces the readers to interesting people, places, and events that I have researched and written about in my writing career that spans more than three decades.